Flexible Nephroscopy: A Step Towards Complete Stone Clearance in PCNL

Main Article Content

Vasudevan Thirugnanasambandam
Kalyanram Kone


To determine the usefulness of flexible nephroscopy after per-cutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in detecting residual fragments.

Materials and Methods
A prospective study was conducted between January 2018 and December 2019 on patients undergoing standard PCNL using a flexible nephroscope to inspect all the calyces for residual stones. When residual stones were noted, either they were removed by basketing or by performing additional puncture to ensure complete clearance. Patients were followed up for 6 months and at the end of 1 month a plain CT KUB was done to look for residual fragments.

The study cohort included 212 patients. Significant RFs were found in 28 patients during flexible nephroscopy and in two patients at 1 month follow up CT scan. All patients were stone free during 6 months follow up.

Flexible nephroscopy during PCNL decreases the chance of residual fragments and thereby reducing the chance of re-procedure rates.


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How to Cite
Thirugnanasambandam, V., & Kone, K. (2021). Flexible Nephroscopy: A Step Towards Complete Stone Clearance in PCNL. Journal of Endoluminal Endourology, 4(1), e13-e16. https://doi.org/10.22374/jeleu.v4i1.112
Original Article


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